The formulas and general structure of the Experience Rating Plan (Plan) remain unchanged. Certain underlying components will be impacted:
This item will become effective for experience rating modifications with rating effective dates on and after each state’s anticipated loss cost/rate filing, which are generally effective in 2024. The specific state rating effective dates span from November 1, 2023, to August 1, 2024, with the most common effective date being January 1, 2024.
NCCI periodically evaluates Plan methodology and performance. During the latest review, NCCI identified some opportunities to improve Plan performance, with revisions that will result in:
Item E-1409 is being filed in all NCCI states (includes AK, AL, AR, AZ, CO, CT, DC, FL, GA, HI, IA, ID, IL, KS, KY, LA, MD, ME, MO, MS, MT, NE, NH, NM, NV, OK, OR, RI, SC, SD, TN, TX, UT, VA, VT, and WV). And it will be recommended to the following independent bureau states for their consideration: IN, MA, MN, NC, and WI.
These changes are expected to be premium-neutral in total. The overall average experience rating modification in each state is not expected to be impacted by these changes. Initial fluctuations at the individual employer level may be offset by changes in loss experience and routine updates to rating values.
Ultimately, this update to the Plan is expected to result in overall improved performance of the Plan and increased equity across individual employers.
For any given employer, the experience rating modification may increase, decrease, or stay the same. Overall, the proposed changes to the experience rating modification calculation are expected to produce Plan performance that is both improved and more comparable across states.
No. All of the proposed changes fit within the existing Plan framework (that is, a statewide split point). Interstate experience rating will continue without disruption regardless of whether other bureaus decide to adopt similar changes to their own experience rating values and methodologies.
The primary/excess loss split point divides the losses from each historical claim into two layers: primary losses (those beneath the split point) and excess losses (those above the split point).
For example, if the split point is $15,000, a claim totaling $50,000 would contribute $15,000 to the primary layer and $35,000 to the excess layer. Primary losses receive a greater weight than excess losses in the experience rating modification formula. Because of this, primary losses have a greater impact on the experience rating modification.
The split point is currently a countrywide value ($18,500) that is updated with each state’s annual loss cost/rate filing to reflect changes in countrywide claim costs.
A key improvement of the proposed Plan changes is increased recognition of differences in state cost levels through a state-specific split point. Under the current Plan, the split point is based on a common level and does not vary across NCCI states.
For example, instead of the current split point value of $18,500 applying to all states, under the proposed Plan a state with higher-than-average claim severity may have a split point value of $25,000, while a state with lower-than-average claim severity may have a split point value of $15,000.
When NCCI evaluated performance of the current Plan across various states, it became apparent that additional recognition of state severity differences was an opportunity for improvement.
The use of state-specific split point values that reflect individual state cost differences is intended to better align across states the weight given to actual employer loss experience in the experience rating modification calculation. In turn, this is expected to produce improved and more comparable Plan performance in states with claim costs that vary significantly from the countrywide average.
Yes. To keep up with changes in claim costs and preserve alignment with other experience rating parameters, it is anticipated that the split point value will be indexed concurrent with each state’s annual loss cost/rate filing. This is consistent with all other rating values used in the calculation of the experience rating modification.
The SAL is the maximum dollar amount from any one claim that may impact the experience rating modification. For example, if the SAL is $200,000, then any claims with incurred losses above that amount would be limited to $200,000 for the purpose of calculating the experience rating modification. Currently, the SAL is calculated as the state average cost per case times 25. The SAL can also be derived at 10% times the state reference point (SRP), where SRP is calculated as state average cost per case times 250.
The SAL is intended to curtail the impact that extremely large outlier claims have on the experience rating modification, because these dollars are not expected to be predictive of future loss experience beyond a certain point.
The SAL will be calculated using the 95th percentile of lost-time claims for each state. This new methodology is expected to result in lower limits in all states, making the experience rating modifications less sensitive to large outlier claims without sacrificing predictive accuracy.
In short, the values have different purposes. The SAL is used to curtail the impact of large claims on the experience rating modification because large outlier claims are generally not expected to be predictive of future loss experience.
The use of a state-level 95th percentile results in an SAL that is expected to impact the largest 5% of loss-time claims. On the other hand, the split point is meant to segment the dollars associated with each claim into primary and excess layers—dollars beneath the split point enter the primary layer, while those above the split point belong to the excess layer. The proposed split points are established so that they result in approximately the same share of total loss dollars being allocated to the primary layer across state. In this sense, the updated split points are more consistent across states as well.
The United States Longshore and Harbor Workers’ Compensation (USL&HW) per claim accident limitation is being updated to reflect the 95th percentile of lost-time claims belonging to F-classifications. Similar to the SAL change, this new methodology is expected to result in a limitation that is more stable over time.
The state multiple claim accident limitation will continue to be calculated as twice the corresponding per claim accident limitation. The disease loss limitation will continue to be calculated using a multiple of the approved per claim accident limitation as detailed in the Plan.
No other accident limits are changing at this time.
The G value represents state average claim severity (in thousands of dollars). Its primary use is in the determination of an employer’s expected claim count, which serves as the basis for the credibility assigned to its primary and excess loss experience. The G value is updated with each state’s annual loss cost/rate filing.
The calculation of G will be revised to reflect accident limitations and the 70% reduction of medical-only losses (per the experience rating adjustment [ERA]), where applicable.
In the calculation of an employer’s expected claim count, the employer’s expected losses are divided by the G value (average claim severity). Because expected losses already reflect ERA and accident limitations, this change in how G is calculated makes for a more consistent calculation of each employer’s expected claim count. In turn, this is expected to result in more appropriate credibility being assigned to each employer’s loss experience.
The weighting value (W) and ballast value (B) influence the degree to which an employer's actual losses impact the experience rating modification. The W and B values are determined by a set of 10 credibility parameters, and these parameters have not been updated in over two decades.
The proposed credibility parameters underlying the weight and ballast values have been recalibrated to increase equity across employers.
To qualify for experience rating, an employer’s subject premium must meet or exceed the state’s minimum eligibility amount. This Plan update proposes no change to the current premium eligibility threshold indexing methodology.
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